The general goals of the OIS Science curriculum are to give students an understanding of nature and methods of science and to develop conceptual and practical skills in the context of student involvement in scientific activity. Students will develop their abilities to analyze scientific information critically, apply knowledge and skills in order to generate new knowledge and communicate scientific ideas and their awareness of the impact of science on society which means that the science curriculum helps prepare them for life in the age of 21st century technology.
* Students will begin to learn about and investigate the things around them by observing and identifying Living & Nonliving things.
* They will acquire basic facts about Plants and Animals, the Earth’s Land, Air and Water, the Seasons.
* They will investigate matter and examine Forces as Pushes & Pulls, and Magnets.
* Students will identify changes occurring during the growth process for plants, animals, and humans.
* They will learn about the sun, moon, stars, and weather.
* Students will also learn to identify changes in matter, forces and motion, and sound.
* Students in third grade compare different types of animals, observe how plants grow, identify differences between rocks, minerals, fossils, and soils, investigate properties and changes in matter, and study heat and light.
* In fourth grade, students focus on classifying living things, analyzing animal and plant growth and adaptations, examining human body systems, physical properties of matter, and heat, energy, and electricity and magnetism.
* Fifth graders trace the structure of living organisms from single cell to body systems.
* In addition, students explore animal growth and reproduction, plants and their adaptations, and plant processes.
* They also focus on matter and its properties, atoms and elements, and forms of energy.
* Students investigate plants and plant processes, atoms, elements and compounds.
* Students delve deeper into properties and changes in matter.
* Seventh graders continue to focus on Cells, Body System and Classification, Invertebrates and Vertebrates, Properties of Sound and Light, Electricity, Magnetism and Earth Science.
* In Grade 8, students will be introduced to Matter with its states Elements, Compound and mixtures, Atoms and Periodic Table.
* In ninth grade, students will be introduced to specialized courses covering, Diversity of Living Things, Chemical Bonding and Reactions, Forces, Atomic Energy, Work and Machines.
Science High School Department
General Goals of teaching the scientific subjects:
We have five main goals based on which, the curriculum was selected
* Ideological Goals- developing positive attitudes towards religion through showing the harmony between religious and scientific concepts, a fact that helps deepen Faith in hearts.
* Moral Goals – Detecting and practicing Quranic ethics-such as objectivity, broadmin
dedness , courteous criticism , tolerance , and respecting properties - in seeking knowledge and developing a feeling of appreciation towards scientists’ efforts to better human life
* Academic and skill building goals: empowering students with knowledge based on a scientific way of thinking with consideration of the Islamic frame
* Social and personal development goals
1. Developing students’ communication and computer skills and teamwork spirit
2. Raising students’ self- esteem through discovering their own potentials that help them contribute to their communities
* Environmental Goals:
Maintaining an awareness of importance of rationally using resources to keep our universe balanced as Allah created it .
Grades 10 to 12
Focus Concept: Matter, Energy, and Organization
* Biochemistry, in which the students learn how the function depends on the structure in each of the compound studied.
* Photosynthesis, in which the students learn the mechanisms in cells that keep the process operating.
* Cellular respiration, where the students study the biochemical pathways of it and compare them with those studied in photosynthesis.
Focus Concept: Cell structure and function
* Cells, in which the students find examples of how cell structure vary with their functions.
* Focus concept: Stability and homeostasis.
* Cell transport, in which the students learn how the cells regulate the movement of materials across their membranes and thereby maintain the homeostasis despite changes in environment.
* Cell reproduction, where the students learn how the cells reproduce and the different steps of each type of cellular reproduction.
Focus concept: Interdependence of organisms
Ecology, where the students learn the different relations between the elements of the ecosystem and the effect of human impact on the ecosystem.
Focus concept: Cell structure and function
* Nucleic acid and protein synthesis, where the students learn the role that DNA and RNA play in storing information and making protein.
* Gene expression, where the students learn how the gene structure enables cells to control how and when proteins are produced.
Focus concept: Reproduction and inheritance
* Inheritance Patters and Human Genetics, where the students learn how Mendel's laws of inheritance and our knowledge of chromosome structure and protein synthesis helped shape the study of chromosome.
* DNA technology, where the students learn the ways that scientists are endowing organisms with traits that they did not inherit naturally by changing the organism's genes.
Focus concept: Structure and Function
where the students learn about the different body systems and how their structures are related to their functions in human bodies and in plants.
Grade 10 to 12
Students Learn about mechanics in a whole year, college preparation course including:
* Motion in one dimension ( displacement, velocity, acceleration, free fall).
- * Motion in two dimensions ( vector operation, projectile launched horizontally).
- * Forces and laws of motion(Newton's laws).
- * Work, different types of energy, and power.
- * Momentum and collision.(linear momentum, conservation of momentum, elastic and inelastic cillision).
- * Circular and ant rotational motion.
- * Simple machine.
- * Fluid Mechanics .
- * HEAT (Temperature and thermal equilibrium, changes in temperature and phase .
- * Thermodynamics (relation between heat & work+ first and second law of thermodynamics).
- * Waves (simple harmonic motion ,wave interaction and wave properties) .
- * Sound (sound intensity and harmonics).
- * Light properties (reflection, refraction ,polarization, interference and diffraction).
- * Electricity (electric force and field, electric energy and current, power, circuits).
- * Magnetism (magnets and magnetic fields, magnetism and electricity, magnetic force).
- * Electromagnetic induction (electricity from magnetism, Generators &motors and mutual induction).
Grades 10 to 12
based on what was taken from grade 1 to 9 students will continue the following topics:
- * Matter and its properties.
- * Elements.
- * The scientific theory of the atom.
- * The structure of the atom.
- * Counting atoms.
- * The development of a new atomic model.
- * The quantum model of the atom.
- * Electron configurations.
- * History of the periodic table.
- * Electron configuration and the periodic table.
- * Covalent bonding and molecular compounds.
- * Ionic bonding and ionic compounds.
- * Metallic bonding.
- * Molecular geometry.
- * Chemical formula and chemical components.
- * Chemical names and formula.
- * Oxidation numbers.
- * Using chemical formula.
- * Determining chemical formula.
- * Chemical equations and reactions.
- * Introduction to stoichiometry and stoichiometry calculations.
- * Limiting factors and percent yield.
- * The kinetic - molecular theory of matter.
- * Pressure.
- * The gas laws.
- * Solutions.
- * Types of mixtures.
- * The solution process and concentration.
- * Lons and aqueous solutions and colligative properties of solutions.
- * Properties of acids, bases and reactions.
- * The nature of chemical equilibrium.
- * Shifting equilibrium.
- * Equilibrium of acids, bases, and salts.
- * Solubility equilibrium.
- * Oxidation and reduction.
- * Electrochemistry.
- * Organic compounds.
- * Functional groups and classes of organic compounds and reactions.
- * Polymers.
- * Nuclear chemistry.
- * Radioactive decay.
- * Nuclear fission and nuclear fusion .